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  • Maynard J. Carbonel

Differentiated instruction and how it could aid students learn better

Updated: Nov 3, 2023

Students differ from one to another - their ability or skills, knowledge and preferences as well as their weaknesses and dislikes. These things come into play during the teaching and learning process, and they could influence the outcome in varying degrees. It is then important that educators consider this if excellent learning outcome is to be achieved.

I remember when I was a learner myself, there were things I like more doing over others, and I excelled in some while in others not. Indeed, there are multiple intelligences as Howard Gardner said – logical, mathematical, visual, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. Additionally, learners have varied learning styles and thus some teaching techniques can be effective to some but not to others.

Further, a classroom is a mixture of slow learners and of fast learners.

All these should be taken into consideration and activities should be planned accordingly. In response, teachers need to come up with various teaching styles and strategies to cater to the needs and interests of their learners.

One of the strategies a teacher uses to facilitate learning effectively is Differentiation.

Differentiated instructions and activities, and flexible grouping can help address the learning needs and gaps all students.

An example of this is requiring the linguistics students to make an essay, letting the artists group to draw base on their understanding, while other could perform a song, a dance or a presentation to demonstrate their understanding or express their thoughts on a subject matter.

With differentiation or provision of a variety of learning activities and assessments, the teaching and learning process shall ensure that all students are challenged and engaged in their learning.

With differentiation, teachers can modify instruction to meet the diverse needs of students and help them achieve academic success by allowing students to learn in their own ways, at their own pace.

By differentiating classroom instruction, teachers can tailor each student's experience to ensure they learn in the best way they can.



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